pre flop betting rules of blackjack

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Pre flop betting rules of blackjack

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The first two cards received by a player and the dealer up card will each be cards of the same suit from the group comprising aces, twos, threes, and fours paying 80 to 1. The first card received by a player will be a ten count card i. The first two cards received by a player and the dealer up card will each be ten count cards paying 27 to 1. A sum of twenty from preselected cards such as a king and a queen or a ten and a jack paying to 1.

The first two cards received by a player and the dealer up card will constitute a three card straight flush paying to 1. The above opportunities constitute a number exemplary combinations, but many others are available using pairs, triples and four card combinations using the players and the dealers hands together. In fact, all combinations of one to four cards may be used and betting odds calculated and offered as desired by a Blackjack table designer or casino operator. Table 10 may be designed to comprise a plurality of betting areas 30 which are identical or to comprise a mixture of betting combinations.

In any event, an area 30 is provided for each player comprising at least one side or prop betting spot 32 to add additional spice to the game of Blackjack. Similar side or prop betting can be set up for other betting games, such as poker. Such side betting is particularly effective for stud poker as four to six cards are dealt face up to each player.

During play of the game of Blackjack with side or prop bets, the side or prop bets are placed, unless otherwise specified by the dealer or casino, at before each hand is dealt. In another embodiment, the invention is incorporated into a programmable automatic video Blackjack machine. Such a video Blackjack machine may be programmable similar to machines currently used for standard or regular Blackjack play or may be a special video Blackjack machine specifically designed and built to incorporate side or prop betting.

In any event, the basic game of Blackjack is played in the standard or regular manner. However, prior to the play of the hand, or in some cases, prior to the play of each card, a player adds an additional wager by insertion of coins or by some other increase of the wagered amount to bet on selected prop bet combinations.

In FIG. In the fragmentary presentation of FIG. In an embodiment of a video Blackjack machine " seen FIG. In the embodiment of FIG. Video Blackjack machines ' and " comprise the same keyboards combinations described hereafter for machine In each case, indicia , ' and " display preferred or popular side or prop bet selections and the odds for each side or prop bet selection.

It should be noted that some combinations pay more than others, based upon the statistical likelihood of the occurrence of a particular combination. Referring again to FIG. The row of side or prop bet selection switches comprises switches , , , , , , , , , , , , and , each of which bear a functional abbreviation. The abbreviation "P" on switches and stands for a pair. The abbreviation "3S" on switch stands for three cards of the same value, such as three sixes or three sevens.

The indicia "ST" on switch stands for a straight or a series of cards in numeric sequence. The abbreviation "FL" on switch stands for a flush or cards all in the same suit and "4S" on switch means four cards of the same value. Indicia "STF" on Switch , stands for a straight flush.

The abbreviations "R" and "B" on switches and stand for red and black, respectively. Similarly, "E" and "0" on switches and stand for even and odd, respectively. The indicia "07" on switch and "U7" on switch stand for cards having values over seven and under seven, respectively. The row of switches comprises switches , , , , , , , , , , , , , and Switches through provide for numerical entry of the number 1 through 9, respectively, and are used as numbers when appropriate or as indications of cards 1 through 9, respectively, as well.

Switch enters a zero and, as such, is used only in numeric entry. On the other hand, switches , , , , and are each used for entering a card value of ten, jack, queen, king, and ace, respectively. The bottom row of switches comprises switches , , and used for entry of suit selections of hearts, diamonds, clubs, and spades, respectively. To play a game of Blackjack with side or prop bets, a player begins each game by selecting the number of hands to be played during the current deal and inserting coins to cover the Blackjack wager for each hand.

Once basic Blackjack betting against each selected hand is completed, the player presses PLAY switch to begin setting up side or prop bets. Coins for a next side bet are inserted into machine and a side bet selection is made. As an example, if the player desires to bet that the first two cards received during play of the hand will total 20, switch is depressed. Machine records the side bet and displays the side bet selected and pay-out odds on the screen.

If the player desires to make a second side bet, PLAY switch is pressed again and coins are inserted into machine or coins are inserted without pressing PLAY switch to initiate the second side bet. As an example, in this second bet, if the player elects to wager that the first two cards received in the hand will be a pair of sixes, switches and are pressed in any order.

In this case, machine displays the selected bet and odds associated with the bet. If the player decides to cancel a side bet selection, CANCEL switch is depressed and a new side bet is entered for the last inserted coins as described above. When the player has made all of the side bets preparatory to playing the hand, DEAL switch is depressed to deal the cards. The player then watches dealt card indicia which appear on the screen and completes play by selectively depressing switches and to hit or stand, respectively, as the regular game of Blackjack is played.

At the end of the game, machine pays on both winning Blackjack and side or prop bets. Other side or prop betting options comprise betting on the number of cards needed to make twenty-one, the suits of the cards that-show in the hand of the dealer and the hand of the player or on the suits which do not show therein, whether a face card shows in cards received, whether numbered cards do not show in cards received, whether a blackjack will be all red cards, whether a blackjack will be all black cards, and whether a blackjack will comprise one red and one black card.

Betting options are directly selected by pressing switches of keyboard or by pressing switches of keyboard to select options from screens provided on display screen Such screens may also be used in machines and ' in special circumstances. In such cases, a mode selection screen, permitting interactive mode selection provides options comprising 1 select number of prop bets to play, 2 display of odds for keyboard selected prop bets, 3 display of odds for popular prop bets, and 4 enter prop bets is used to permit a player to more effectively interact with machine ".

Through use of keyboard rows , and , a player may choose all, part or none of standard prop bet combinations prior to play of each Blackjack hand. In any event, each player selects prop bets to be played for each next hand from a predetermined menu of prop bets programmably stored in each machine , ' and ". The predetermined menu is selectively restricted by programming to limit unwanted prop bet combinations. As an example, a casino may wish to delete the opportunity to place a prop bet against a royal flush which may have odds of , to 1.

The player may choose to play just one, two or three or more combinations of cards dealt to the player or to the player and the dealer against a single prop bet. If so, the one combination pays more than if more than one combination is played on the single prop bet. A player may also elect to place a side or prop bet against multiple combinations. As an example, the player may elect to place a side or prop bet against the first five combinations seen in indicia in FIG.

Then within the first five combinations, the player may also selectively bet against each combination separately, inserting the desired number of coins for each combination and pressing switches through to make individual selections. Each machine , ' and " is programmed to have standard prop bet combinations as depicted by examples of indicia , ' and ", respectively.

However, through the use of keyboard rows , and and switches and , each player selectively adds to the standard combinations. As an example, an added side or prop bet comprises pressing switch and switch in sequence which selects a pair of nines as a side or prop bet. In this case, programmably calculated odds pay several times more than a prop bet against a pair more generally comprising any card value.

A fifty-two card deck is used in the programmed logic for Video Blackjack machines , ' and ". For the table Blackjack game, multiple decks are often used and odds calculations which are different than odds of a single deck are made based upon the number of decks used. It is expected that ranges for side or prop bet odds on both table and video games would be set by ruling state authorities and varied within the range by casino owners.

The video display screen displays programmably variable video machine generated indicia, generally designated , and comprises player side bet selection indicia In the case of indicia , an exemplary standard set of selectable side or prop bets is disposed at the top of machine screen and comprises side or prop bet opportunities to bet against 1 a pair, 2 two pairs, 3 three of a kind, 4 a straight, 5 a flush, 6 a full house, 7 a four of a kind, 8 a straight flush, 9 a royal flush.

The game is played free of wild cards or with a Joker or deuces wild if preferred. The rules for playing the basic game of Poker is the same as the game of table Poker. The row of side or prop bet selection switches ' comprises switches , , , , , and , each of which bear a functional abbreviation. Similarly, "E" and "O" on switches and stand for even and odd, respectively. As keyboard includes a number and position of switches which comprise a subset of the switches of keyboard , it is should be readily apparent to one skilled in the art that a Blackjack machine, such as machine ", can be used to play Poker as well as Blackjack, simply by additional programming of machine ".

To play a game of Poker with side or prop bets, a player begins each game by selecting the number hands to be played on the current deal and inserting coins to cover the Poker ante for each hand. Once the initial Poker ante is inserted, the player presses PLAY switch to begin setting up side or prop bets. As an example, if the player elects to bet against a full house, switch is depressed. Machine records the side bet and displays the side bet selected and associated odds on screen If the player desires to make a second side bet, PLAY switch is pressed again and coins are inserted into machine or coins are inserted after completing switch entry for the first side or prop bet to initiate the second side bet.

In this case, if the player elects to wager that the first two cards received in the hand will be red switches , and are pressed in that order. As a result, machine displays the selected bet and odds associated with the bet.

If the player decides to cancel a side bet selection, switch is depressed and a new side bet is entered for the last inserted coins as described above. When the player has made all of the side bets preparatory to playing the hand, DEAL switch is depressed to deal the first cards.

The player then watches dealt card indicia which appears on the screen and completes play by selectively depressing switches and betting on successive cards as is standard in the table game of Poker. At the end of the game, machine pays on both winning Poker and side or prop bets. Other side or prop bet options comprise betting that the first two dealt cards total twenty, the first two cards dealt to the player's hand are in the same suit, three consecutively dealt cards are sevens , any pair in the player's hand, first two cards in the player's hand are even, the first three cards dealt the player sum to 21 by Blackjack rules, a Blackjack in the first two cards, and a sequence of cards totals 21 i.

Of course it should be readily apparent that the examples of side bets provided above are only a fraction of the total number of side bets available within the scope of the invention. In such cases, a mode selection screen, permitting interactive mode selection provides options comprising 1 select number of prop bets to play, 2 display of odds for keyboard selected prop bets, 3 display of odds for popular prop bets, and 4 enter prop bets.

Through use of keyboard rows , and , a player may choose all, part or none of standard prop bet combinations prior to play of each Poker hand. As an example of keyboard use in setting up a side or prop bet, setting up the prop bet of a sequence of cards totalling 21 is accomplished by depressing switch immediately after pressing the play button, after anteing or after completing entry of a prior side or prop bet.

Following, in sequence, switch is depressed followed by switch to indicate three cards in the side bet. Next, switch is depressed followed in seriatim by switches and , thereby communicating a total of By this sequence, the side bet against the first three player received cards comprising is entered.

Indicia on display screen confirms entry and displays the associated odds. All cards dealt and odds calculated are based on a fifty-two card deck. The invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein.

Year of fee payment : 4. Effective date : Apparatus and methods for adding side or prop wagers to betting games, particularly the games of Blackjack and Poker. A Blackjack table is disclosed which comprises betting spots each of which comprises indicia describing a side or prop bet combination and odds offered for a wager against the combination.

A video Blackjack machine is disclosed which is played with and without side or prop bets. A special Blackjack side or prop bet entry keyboard is disclosed. A video Poker machine is disclosed which is also played with and without prop bets. A special Poker side or prop bet entry keyboard is disclosed. The Poker keyboard is a subset of the Blackjack keyboard permitting Poker to be played with and without side or prop bets on the video Blackjack machine. Other examples of side bet opportunities are: 1.

The first two cards received by a player and the dealer up card will be cards from the group comprising aces, twos, threes, and fours paying 27 to 1. What is claimed and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is: 1.

A method of playing a single card game based upon cards dealt to a player from a deck of playing cards comprising: providing a deck of playing cards;. The method of claim 1 wherein the first and second wagers are physically placed under the control of the player upon separate sites on a custom surface of a table.

The method of claim 1 wherein the card game is black jack. The method of claim 1 wherein the card game is poker. A method of playing a single card game based upon cards dealt to a player from a deck of playing cards comprising: providing a simulated deck of playing cards by a video machine, the video machine includes a video display, a first selector for programmably controlling a screen image on the video display, a second selector, a third selector and first and second pay-off controls;.

USA true USA Continuation USA en. Automated system for playing live casino table games having tabletop changeable playing card displays and monitoring security features. Does the bet stand or is it declared miss deal… Only 2 people left in tourney. House rules may differ but often this is not considered a misdeal if bets have already been placed in good faith. However, this always comes down to the exact situation and the decree of the tournament director.

Best check with the card room in question. I hope someone can answer my question. We play a home game of 7 card stud poker. All other players in the game have received the first THREE cards two down, one up THEN the player that has too many first deal cards dealt to him finds the error and tells the dealer. Normally this is considered a missdeal and the entire hands needs to be dealt again.

If betting already took place only the hand of player with too many cards is declared dead, the rest of the hand plays out normally. But — as with all poker rules issue — different house rules can apply. In Texas HoldEm cash game, If everyone folds, but two players who go all in preflop. When are the cards required to be shown? My group insists the official rules say when in showdown before river, all cards must be shown.

I disagreed, and believe a player should be able to muck unless they want to win pot post river. Player 1 goes all in. Player 2 has not acted yet, when the dealer burns a card and lays out the flop. Is this a mideal? Or does the dealer put the. Burn card and the flop back into the deck, reshuffle, and the burn and flop again?

So the dealer will reshuffle that flop into the deck, while leaving the burn card on the table. Then the remaining players will act, and the new flop will be turned without a burn because the original burn was left on the table. Play Here. A player stands up and drops his cards on the floor.

Automatic dead hand correct? Debbie from PokerListings. Hey Cdawg, If you drop any cards out of your hand onto the floor, you must still play them. In 7card stud when a player announces his hand and lays it down and has a better hand who wins. Comment on that Cancel reply Message. Your Name. Your message is awaiting approval. We use cookies and other tracking technologies to improve your browsing experience on our website.

By browsing our website, you consent to our use of cookies and other tracking technologies. Privacy Policy I accept.

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Best site for new players and beginners with a small bankroll. When all the players get dealt hole cards, the first thing everybody wants to do is look at their cards. But here's the Catch If you're looking at your hole cards, you're not watching the other players while they look at theirs.

This is your first chance to get a read on an opponent's hand. Don't miss it! Your cards are not going to change. You have no need to look at them until it's your turn to act. You can't watch everyone obviously so you'll have to pick whom to watch while the whole table is looking at their cards.

It's up to you to decide who's most important to scrutinize! If you know or strongly suspect what the players behind you are about to do, you may want to rethink the pre-flop actions you had in mind. Some players are not worth watching. These are, first, the players who are so transparent that if you miss anything pre-flop it won't matter because you'll get all the info you need on the subsequent streets. Secondly, there are other players who simply do not give off any tells while looking at their cards or don't look at their cards until it is their turn to act.

If a player looks and sees a hand he's going to want to raise, it's common for lots of amateur players to get the raise ready and hold it in their hand, ready to go. How you then go on and play your hands depends on countless factors - your aggression level, playing style, table image, opponents Here is where it gets tricky to teach. No matter what style of poker you're playing, you almost always want to be heads-up going to the flop with a premium hand.

If you don't have the legitimate best hand then you don't have the most equity in the pot. You'll then want to keep the pot small and put in as little money as you can until you can acquire more equity than your opponents in the hand. For more on your pre-flop equity with certain hands, check this article here:. The only time you won't raise in this situation is if you're mixing it up or have a good reason to try a limp re-raise.

In the same situation with a marginal hand, you should be both raising and limping. What you choose depends on the table, the hand and your table image. If you're trying to make your table image more aggressive and active then these are the types of hands you want to be raising. Otherwise you want to be limping. Until you are able to consistently outplay the other players on a table there is no reason to play rags. Rags have almost no equity ; therefore they are a losing proposition unless you have reasons for wanting to play them that trump winning the current pot.

This is one of the most important and difficult strategies to master in pre-flop play and it's where the Gap Concept comes into play. Poker can get a little counterintuitive when there are pre-flop raises. Unless you have reason to believe otherwise, when someone raises you have to assume they have a premium hand. This means that calling with marginal hands containing high cards can be a very big mistake. For a beginner, it can be less disastrous to call a raise with a rag hand than to call with a high marginal hand.

If we assume the original raiser has a premium hand then you would make a call against them strictly to try and "crack" the hand they have. So three of the five most probable hands the raiser holds have you absolutely dominated. If you're against KK you're in better shape than against any of the last three hands, but you're still a major dog.

The only hand you have a chance with is JJ. Now, on paper suited against all five of the premium hands is a serious dog. The difference is it's cheap. On paper you win more hands with A-Q than with suited. The difference is that you win smaller pots with A-Q and lose your entire stack when it goes bad. With suited you win very large pots or lose almost nothing.

At a full-table cash game with a tight table image, in the long run you can make more money with the suited hands than with A-Q. What if you have a premium hand? This is where serious money is lost and won at poker tables. It's possible but very difficult to fold KK pre-flop. When KK runs into AA, one person usually ends up very upset. The calls or folds you make in these situations are what separate a good poker player from a great one.

It's different every time; every hand is up for debate. But, as a general rule:. With KK behind a raise, most of the time you will come over the top. The rationale for doing so is the same as that for making the original raise: to increase the pot size because you're assuming you have the best hand at this point and to isolate.

You don't want any players behind you to call. If you're the last player to act pre-flop, and you're already isolated, it's not a bad idea to smooth-call and hide the strength of your hand. I tweaked my UTH program to analyze it. Results will take a few days approximately to come in. This is actually good for the players. The 4x raise is when the player has an advantage and should get as much money in as they can.

Even if you play basic strategy the only time you raise is with an edge on the play bet, so why not max it. It's so confusing. There is an earlier thread with some discussions about this. I got around a player ev of -.

Are you sure this is good for the players? Of course 4x is the right bet if you've seen your cards and intend to bet pre-flop based on knowledge. And of course betting 1x or folding is the right call on the river if you have a marginal hand. But if you're playing blind and the house is going to force you to make a pre-flop bet in order to do it, the "best" pre-flop bet is Recommended online casinos. Joined: Jul 22, Threads: 27 Posts: January 14th, at PM permalink.

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The difference is that you win smaller pots with A-Q and lose your entire stack when it goes bad. With suited you win very large pots or lose almost nothing. At a full-table cash game with a tight table image, in the long run you can make more money with the suited hands than with A-Q. What if you have a premium hand? This is where serious money is lost and won at poker tables.

It's possible but very difficult to fold KK pre-flop. When KK runs into AA, one person usually ends up very upset. The calls or folds you make in these situations are what separate a good poker player from a great one. It's different every time; every hand is up for debate. But, as a general rule:. With KK behind a raise, most of the time you will come over the top.

The rationale for doing so is the same as that for making the original raise: to increase the pot size because you're assuming you have the best hand at this point and to isolate. You don't want any players behind you to call. If you're the last player to act pre-flop, and you're already isolated, it's not a bad idea to smooth-call and hide the strength of your hand. The disadvantage to this play is that you get no more information from the opponent. If he holds AA, you are in a world of pain.

If he has QQ, you're one happy sunnuvagun. By re-raising the original raiser pre-flop you will learn a lot about his hand. Against weaker players, AA will push all-in or immediately call. Anything else will usually fold or have to take a long think before they make any play. Note: Every hand, table and player is unique.

These are guidelines, not rules. The gap concept applies even more strongly to overcalling then to calling an original raiser. Once there is a raise and a re-raise, as a tight-aggressive player it becomes very difficult to do anything but fold. Calling a raise and a re-raise pre-flop with a hand such as suited is also usually a mistake.

A raise and a re-raise usually mean you'd be cold-calling six big bets. It also means that the betting has been reopened. The original raiser is going to call, fold or push all-in. Unless it was a strict bluff the original raiser will almost never fold in this situation.

If he does have AA he will most likely move all-in. Players can make that move with all five of the premium hands as well as with some marginal ones. This means you're running a very large risk that you're throwing away the call. If the original raiser moves all-in you're forced to muck your hand, losing the chips invested in the original call.

Another powerful move you can make pre-flop is the limp re-raise. Having a premium hand in early position it can pay well to limp with the intention of coming over the top of anyone who makes a raise. This works best at a very active and aggressive table. If there have been no raises on the table for the last hour, such a move is simply reckless. Limp re-raising does one of three things:.

For this reason alone it's almost always a mistake to play into or against a limp re-raise by a weak-to-average player. The disadvantage to this maneuver comes when no one raises. In this scenario you'll find yourself in a multi-way pot, out of position. If you're playing AA and don't hit a set on the flop then you have to remember that all you have is one pair. Anyone willing to call any large bets at this point has a decent chance at having a random two pair or made hand.

If you play the hand hard and fast you will lose a big pot against anything other than an overplayed top pair. When you fold a hand, pre-flop or post-flop, it doesn't mean you're finished playing the hand. Every hand that plays out at the table is laden with valuable information.

It's usually easier to pick up information on how a person is playing when you're not in the hand. You don't have to worry about how to play your hand; this in turn allows you to concentrate on how they're playing theirs. The more information you can gather on someone the further in advance of having to face a difficult situation against them, the more likely you are to make the right decision. The story is very different if you're playing in a tournament as opposed to in a cash game.

All of the previous advice becomes completely obsolete in certain tourney situations. Cash games stay rather constant; in a tournament, the pressure of mounting blinds adds different elements to the game that are not present in a cash game. A significant amount of the bluffs and high-level moves made in cash games are very subtle. When you are perpetually deep-stacked you can play a constant long-ball game. The first two cards received by a player and the dealer up card will constitute a three card straight flush paying to 1.

The above opportunities constitute a number exemplary combinations, but many others are available using pairs, triples and four card combinations using the players and the dealers hands together. In fact, all combinations of one to four cards may be used and betting odds calculated and offered as desired by a Blackjack table designer or casino operator.

Table 10 may be designed to comprise a plurality of betting areas 30 which are identical or to comprise a mixture of betting combinations. In any event, an area 30 is provided for each player comprising at least one side or prop betting spot 32 to add additional spice to the game of Blackjack.

Similar side or prop betting can be set up for other betting games, such as poker. Such side betting is particularly effective for stud poker as four to six cards are dealt face up to each player. During play of the game of Blackjack with side or prop bets, the side or prop bets are placed, unless otherwise specified by the dealer or casino, at before each hand is dealt.

In another embodiment, the invention is incorporated into a programmable automatic video Blackjack machine. Such a video Blackjack machine may be programmable similar to machines currently used for standard or regular Blackjack play or may be a special video Blackjack machine specifically designed and built to incorporate side or prop betting. In any event, the basic game of Blackjack is played in the standard or regular manner. However, prior to the play of the hand, or in some cases, prior to the play of each card, a player adds an additional wager by insertion of coins or by some other increase of the wagered amount to bet on selected prop bet combinations.

In FIG. In the fragmentary presentation of FIG. In an embodiment of a video Blackjack machine " seen FIG. In the embodiment of FIG. Video Blackjack machines ' and " comprise the same keyboards combinations described hereafter for machine In each case, indicia , ' and " display preferred or popular side or prop bet selections and the odds for each side or prop bet selection.

It should be noted that some combinations pay more than others, based upon the statistical likelihood of the occurrence of a particular combination. Referring again to FIG. The row of side or prop bet selection switches comprises switches , , , , , , , , , , , , and , each of which bear a functional abbreviation. The abbreviation "P" on switches and stands for a pair. The abbreviation "3S" on switch stands for three cards of the same value, such as three sixes or three sevens.

The indicia "ST" on switch stands for a straight or a series of cards in numeric sequence. The abbreviation "FL" on switch stands for a flush or cards all in the same suit and "4S" on switch means four cards of the same value. Indicia "STF" on Switch , stands for a straight flush. The abbreviations "R" and "B" on switches and stand for red and black, respectively. Similarly, "E" and "0" on switches and stand for even and odd, respectively.

The indicia "07" on switch and "U7" on switch stand for cards having values over seven and under seven, respectively. The row of switches comprises switches , , , , , , , , , , , , , and Switches through provide for numerical entry of the number 1 through 9, respectively, and are used as numbers when appropriate or as indications of cards 1 through 9, respectively, as well. Switch enters a zero and, as such, is used only in numeric entry.

On the other hand, switches , , , , and are each used for entering a card value of ten, jack, queen, king, and ace, respectively. The bottom row of switches comprises switches , , and used for entry of suit selections of hearts, diamonds, clubs, and spades, respectively. To play a game of Blackjack with side or prop bets, a player begins each game by selecting the number of hands to be played during the current deal and inserting coins to cover the Blackjack wager for each hand.

Once basic Blackjack betting against each selected hand is completed, the player presses PLAY switch to begin setting up side or prop bets. Coins for a next side bet are inserted into machine and a side bet selection is made. As an example, if the player desires to bet that the first two cards received during play of the hand will total 20, switch is depressed.

Machine records the side bet and displays the side bet selected and pay-out odds on the screen. If the player desires to make a second side bet, PLAY switch is pressed again and coins are inserted into machine or coins are inserted without pressing PLAY switch to initiate the second side bet. As an example, in this second bet, if the player elects to wager that the first two cards received in the hand will be a pair of sixes, switches and are pressed in any order.

In this case, machine displays the selected bet and odds associated with the bet. If the player decides to cancel a side bet selection, CANCEL switch is depressed and a new side bet is entered for the last inserted coins as described above. When the player has made all of the side bets preparatory to playing the hand, DEAL switch is depressed to deal the cards. The player then watches dealt card indicia which appear on the screen and completes play by selectively depressing switches and to hit or stand, respectively, as the regular game of Blackjack is played.

At the end of the game, machine pays on both winning Blackjack and side or prop bets. Other side or prop betting options comprise betting on the number of cards needed to make twenty-one, the suits of the cards that-show in the hand of the dealer and the hand of the player or on the suits which do not show therein, whether a face card shows in cards received, whether numbered cards do not show in cards received, whether a blackjack will be all red cards, whether a blackjack will be all black cards, and whether a blackjack will comprise one red and one black card.

Betting options are directly selected by pressing switches of keyboard or by pressing switches of keyboard to select options from screens provided on display screen Such screens may also be used in machines and ' in special circumstances. In such cases, a mode selection screen, permitting interactive mode selection provides options comprising 1 select number of prop bets to play, 2 display of odds for keyboard selected prop bets, 3 display of odds for popular prop bets, and 4 enter prop bets is used to permit a player to more effectively interact with machine ".

Through use of keyboard rows , and , a player may choose all, part or none of standard prop bet combinations prior to play of each Blackjack hand. In any event, each player selects prop bets to be played for each next hand from a predetermined menu of prop bets programmably stored in each machine , ' and ". The predetermined menu is selectively restricted by programming to limit unwanted prop bet combinations. As an example, a casino may wish to delete the opportunity to place a prop bet against a royal flush which may have odds of , to 1.

The player may choose to play just one, two or three or more combinations of cards dealt to the player or to the player and the dealer against a single prop bet. If so, the one combination pays more than if more than one combination is played on the single prop bet.

A player may also elect to place a side or prop bet against multiple combinations. As an example, the player may elect to place a side or prop bet against the first five combinations seen in indicia in FIG. Then within the first five combinations, the player may also selectively bet against each combination separately, inserting the desired number of coins for each combination and pressing switches through to make individual selections.

Each machine , ' and " is programmed to have standard prop bet combinations as depicted by examples of indicia , ' and ", respectively. However, through the use of keyboard rows , and and switches and , each player selectively adds to the standard combinations. As an example, an added side or prop bet comprises pressing switch and switch in sequence which selects a pair of nines as a side or prop bet.

In this case, programmably calculated odds pay several times more than a prop bet against a pair more generally comprising any card value. A fifty-two card deck is used in the programmed logic for Video Blackjack machines , ' and ". For the table Blackjack game, multiple decks are often used and odds calculations which are different than odds of a single deck are made based upon the number of decks used.

It is expected that ranges for side or prop bet odds on both table and video games would be set by ruling state authorities and varied within the range by casino owners. The video display screen displays programmably variable video machine generated indicia, generally designated , and comprises player side bet selection indicia In the case of indicia , an exemplary standard set of selectable side or prop bets is disposed at the top of machine screen and comprises side or prop bet opportunities to bet against 1 a pair, 2 two pairs, 3 three of a kind, 4 a straight, 5 a flush, 6 a full house, 7 a four of a kind, 8 a straight flush, 9 a royal flush.

The game is played free of wild cards or with a Joker or deuces wild if preferred. The rules for playing the basic game of Poker is the same as the game of table Poker. The row of side or prop bet selection switches ' comprises switches , , , , , and , each of which bear a functional abbreviation. Similarly, "E" and "O" on switches and stand for even and odd, respectively.

As keyboard includes a number and position of switches which comprise a subset of the switches of keyboard , it is should be readily apparent to one skilled in the art that a Blackjack machine, such as machine ", can be used to play Poker as well as Blackjack, simply by additional programming of machine ". To play a game of Poker with side or prop bets, a player begins each game by selecting the number hands to be played on the current deal and inserting coins to cover the Poker ante for each hand.

Once the initial Poker ante is inserted, the player presses PLAY switch to begin setting up side or prop bets. As an example, if the player elects to bet against a full house, switch is depressed. Machine records the side bet and displays the side bet selected and associated odds on screen If the player desires to make a second side bet, PLAY switch is pressed again and coins are inserted into machine or coins are inserted after completing switch entry for the first side or prop bet to initiate the second side bet.

In this case, if the player elects to wager that the first two cards received in the hand will be red switches , and are pressed in that order. As a result, machine displays the selected bet and odds associated with the bet. If the player decides to cancel a side bet selection, switch is depressed and a new side bet is entered for the last inserted coins as described above.

When the player has made all of the side bets preparatory to playing the hand, DEAL switch is depressed to deal the first cards. The player then watches dealt card indicia which appears on the screen and completes play by selectively depressing switches and betting on successive cards as is standard in the table game of Poker.

At the end of the game, machine pays on both winning Poker and side or prop bets. Other side or prop bet options comprise betting that the first two dealt cards total twenty, the first two cards dealt to the player's hand are in the same suit, three consecutively dealt cards are sevens , any pair in the player's hand, first two cards in the player's hand are even, the first three cards dealt the player sum to 21 by Blackjack rules, a Blackjack in the first two cards, and a sequence of cards totals 21 i.

Of course it should be readily apparent that the examples of side bets provided above are only a fraction of the total number of side bets available within the scope of the invention. In such cases, a mode selection screen, permitting interactive mode selection provides options comprising 1 select number of prop bets to play, 2 display of odds for keyboard selected prop bets, 3 display of odds for popular prop bets, and 4 enter prop bets.

Through use of keyboard rows , and , a player may choose all, part or none of standard prop bet combinations prior to play of each Poker hand. As an example of keyboard use in setting up a side or prop bet, setting up the prop bet of a sequence of cards totalling 21 is accomplished by depressing switch immediately after pressing the play button, after anteing or after completing entry of a prior side or prop bet.

Following, in sequence, switch is depressed followed by switch to indicate three cards in the side bet. Next, switch is depressed followed in seriatim by switches and , thereby communicating a total of By this sequence, the side bet against the first three player received cards comprising is entered. Indicia on display screen confirms entry and displays the associated odds. All cards dealt and odds calculated are based on a fifty-two card deck. The invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof.

The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Year of fee payment : 4.

Effective date : Apparatus and methods for adding side or prop wagers to betting games, particularly the games of Blackjack and Poker. A Blackjack table is disclosed which comprises betting spots each of which comprises indicia describing a side or prop bet combination and odds offered for a wager against the combination. A video Blackjack machine is disclosed which is played with and without side or prop bets. A special Blackjack side or prop bet entry keyboard is disclosed.

A video Poker machine is disclosed which is also played with and without prop bets. A special Poker side or prop bet entry keyboard is disclosed. The Poker keyboard is a subset of the Blackjack keyboard permitting Poker to be played with and without side or prop bets on the video Blackjack machine. Other examples of side bet opportunities are: 1. The first two cards received by a player and the dealer up card will be cards from the group comprising aces, twos, threes, and fours paying 27 to 1.

What is claimed and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is: 1. A method of playing a single card game based upon cards dealt to a player from a deck of playing cards comprising: providing a deck of playing cards;. The method of claim 1 wherein the first and second wagers are physically placed under the control of the player upon separate sites on a custom surface of a table. The method of claim 1 wherein the card game is black jack.

The method of claim 1 wherein the card game is poker. A method of playing a single card game based upon cards dealt to a player from a deck of playing cards comprising: providing a simulated deck of playing cards by a video machine, the video machine includes a video display, a first selector for programmably controlling a screen image on the video display, a second selector, a third selector and first and second pay-off controls;. USA true USA Continuation USA en. Automated system for playing live casino table games having tabletop changeable playing card displays and monitoring security features.

USB1 en. USB2 en. Methods for providing a jackpot component in a casino game in which an initial set of cards and additional cards are dealt. Automated system for playing casino games having changeable displays and play monitoring security features.

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How to Play (and Win) at Blackjack: The Expert's Guide

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